Knee surgery is a procedure that helps to restore mobility and independence to a large number of people. New arthroscopic techniques have reduced the amount of physical trauma patients experience during and after the procedure. Additionally, the recovery time afterwards is lessened for many patients who receive this kind of advanced care. Patients are always left with some scarring after the surgery has been completed. There are a number of treatments that are possible in order to reduce the appearance of scarring and assist in proper recovery.
Massage And Physical Therapy
The scarring that occurs after knee surgery often affects areas above and below the skin. Some of this tissue becomes denses and starts to make the knee feel stiff. One common way to help reduce the appearance of a scar benefit the skin while also loosing the tissue is to have regular massages and to engage in exercise or physical therapy every week. The correct type of massage combined with a good exercise routine will increase the flexibility of the area and prevent scars from forming harmful bonds with important tendons. Particularly active individuals will need to have therapy for quite some time, since the tension from the knee causes scar tissue to regenerate over time.
Silicone has become one of the most popular ways to reduce the appearance of scars on the skin. A silicone scar gel is applied to the surface of knee after the wound has closed, but before the final layers of tissue have fully formed. The gel will reduce the swelling that causes some of the discoloration and restore the skin to a more natural appearance. Additionally, a silicone scar gel that is applied soon enough will assist in regulating collagen around the area resulting in long-term scar fading. A silicone scar gel is specifically effective after knee surgery, because the scars are typically hypertrophic.
Scar tissue inside of the knee is almost never removed surgically. Certain formations on the skin, however, can be treated with plastic surgery if other options are unavailable. These procedures involve the use of ablative lasers, microdermabrasion and even skin grafting. The results are not always consistent and some treatments will actually increase the density of the scar tissue. Lasers are gaining acceptance for use in cases where large keloids form that stop the patient from being able to bend the knee freely. Removing the surface of the scarred skin with microdermabrasion techniques will temporarily reduce the appearance of scars but will also reduce sensitivity in the area.